The carotenoids, flavonoids, and polyphenols that can be found in rose hips are very powerful antioxidants, which eliminate or neutralize free radicals found within the body. Free radicals are the by-products of cellular metabolism that damage healthy cells by causing them to mutate into cancerous cells, or simply killing them off. A lack of antioxidants is also connected to cancer, heart diseases, and premature aging. The antioxidants in rose hips are particularly adept at keeping the body healthy from all angles.
Could rose hips be another natural way to fight some types of cancer? It looks possible, according to some research to date. A type of breast cancer known as triple negative prevalent amongst young women as well as those who are African-American or Hispanic is a very aggressive form of cancer which does not respond to most available treatments.
During an in vitro study (lab study) published in 2015 in the Cancer Research journal scientists treated tissues cultures of African American triple negative (HCC70, HCC1806) and luminal (HCC1500) breast cancer cell lines with several concentrations of rosehip extract. The findings were very positive: “Each of the breast cancer cell lines were treated with rosehip extracts (1mg/mL to 25ng/mL) demonstrated a significant decrease in cell proliferation.” Pretreatment of the cancer cell lines with rosehip extract also selectively reduced MAPK and AKT, two enzymes that are known to promote cell growth in triple negative breast cancer.
Also, a A PLOS One study states that rosehip extracts have a positive effect against human colon cancer cell lines.
The organic compounds and antioxidant components in rose hips also reduce the LDL cholesterol in your body, thereby reducing strain on your cardiovascular system and also lowering your chances of suffering a stroke or a heart attack.
Rose hips have an impressive amount of vitamin C, which is one of the best components to boost the immune system. Vitamin C stimulates white blood cells and is also essential for the prevention of asthma and general health of the respiratory system. This can be seen in the reduction of respiratory conditions such as cold and flu through the intake of rose hips and its high levels of vitamin C.
Rose hips have been shown to strictly regulate the blood sugar level of the body, which is very important for people suffering from diabetes. By keeping the balance of insulin and glucose in the body, they can prevent the sudden plunges or spikes in blood sugar that can be deadly.
Rosehips are rich in pectin, a naturally occurring polysaccharide (complex sugar) that acts as a prebiotic – an indigestible fibre that is used in the gut to increase populations of healthy bacteria, aid digestion and enhance the absorption of valuable vitamins.
Pectin also supports a laxative effect in the intestines and is helpful in cases of mild constipation. It appears that intestinal functions are modulated by Rosehips and as such, they can aid in cases of diarrhoea, stomach pain and gastric inflammation.
People all over the world want their skin to look more beautiful, blemish-free, and youthful. There are hundreds of products and potential treatments for tightening and toning the skin and rose hips are one of the best options. The astringent quality of rose hips keeps the skin elastic, so it doesn’t develop wrinkles. It eliminates the flaws easily, heals the burns and scars, and makes the skin look younger and vibrant.
Rose hips have a significant amount of iron, which is an essential component in the creation of red blood cells. Therefore, having an adequate amount of rose hips in your diet can prevent anemia and also keep your essential organs well-oxygenated, thus increasing metabolic activity and optimizing the functionality of various organ systems.
One of the most important roles of vitamin C is its essential role in producing collagen. Collagen, along with the other important minerals found in rose hips, can help prevent osteoporosis by maintaining bone mineral density well into your old age, keeping you strong, flexible, and able to live an active life!
The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacity of Rosehips has been the focus of much research in relation to arthritis in recent years. Rosehips hit the headlines in 2014 when a natural supplement made from Rosehip extract was found to reduce the agony of arthritis by a staggering 90 per cent.
Other studies have also shown similar results of arthritis symptom reduction including less pain and stiffness with rose hip supplementation.
The researchers found that daily intake of rose hip extract significantly reduced all of the following in the pre-obese subjects: abdominal total fat area; abdominal visceral fat area; body weight; and body mass index. Their body fat percentage also dropped, and there were no adverse reactions reported during the study. These decreases were also substantially higher compared to the placebo group.
The researchers identified tiliroside, an active ingredient in Rosehips, to be responsible for the fat-reducing properties of the fruit. This compound accelerates fat metabolism and improves the body’s utilisation of glucose, which prevents fat from building up in the tissue and triggers fat burning. In addition, tiliroside also possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties.
Roses are mainly native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Rosehips are the fruits of the rose plant, usually forming in late summer and autumn after the flowers have been pollinated. Once the rosebud falls off the fruit of the plant emerges, a beautiful ruby red berry that is one of the most nutritionally packed fruits of any plant.
Rose hips, also called rose haws or rose heps were even used as pet food for animals because it was noticed that animals were particularly attracted to the scent and taste of these small fruit pods. When people began eating the components of rose hips, a great deal of attention shifted towards the potential it had for their health.
Historically, rosehip has been part of many cultures. Swedes, for example, have made rosehip soup for hundreds of years, and it's a popular dish in their country. Turks, on the other hand, have long used the plant to help provide relief from stomach problems. When the importing of citrus fruits was limited during World War II, rose hips became very popular in Great Britain. During this time in history, volunteers there would gather rose hips for hours for the creation of rose hip syrup for the Ministry of Health. This syrup would be given out to citizens for health purposes with children being at the top of the priority list.
In addition to syrup, they are also used in jams, jellies, herbal teas, soup, beverages including wine, pies and bread.
The reason that rose hips are so popular is because they are extremely effective in treating a wide variety of health conditions. How? The vitamins, minerals, organic compounds, and other essential nutrients in rose hips pack a very powerful punch! Some of these beneficial components include vitamin C, A, E, and vitamin B-complex, as well as minerals like calcium, iron, selenium, manganese, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, sulfur, silicon, and zinc. Furthermore, the organic compounds, such as lycopene, pectin, lutein, and beta-carotene, are also very powerful and essential for the body.
Common names: Rose haw, Apothecary Rose, Dog Rose, Dog Rose Hips, Fruit de l’Églantier, Gulab, Hip Fruit, Hip Sweet, Persian Rose, Pink Rose.
Preparation: Add one to two teaspoons of chopped fruit into 200 ml of cold water, leave it to soak, then boil, cover and let it steep for another 10-15 minutes. Drink 3 cups a day, or as needed.
Precaution: When taken in appropriate doses by mouth, rose hip typically does not have any unwanted side effects. However, overusing it can lead to side effects. Also, rosehip is not recommended for:
pregnant and breastfeeding women; diabetics; anyone with a bleeding condition or sickle cell disease; iron-related disorders such as hemochromatosis, thalassemia, or anemia; and anyone who has a tendency to experience kidney stones.
If you have a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD deficiency), due to their high vitamin C content large doses of rose hips may raise the risk of complications. In addition, individuals who have experienced a heart attack, stroke or blood clots in the past may increase their risk for blood clots if they take rose hips. This is because the hips contain rugosin E, which is believed to possibly cause blood clots.
Possible “minor” interactions with rose hip include aspirin, choline magnesium trisalicylate and salsalate.
“Moderate” interactions may include blood thinners like warfarin, aluminum (found in most antacids), lithium, fluphenazine, and estrogens.
FDA Disclaimer: These statements and products have not been evaluated by the FDA. They are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or condition. If you have a health concern or condition, consult a physician. Always consult a medical doctor before modifying your diet, using any new product, drug, supplement, or doing any new exercises.
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